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Table 6. Summary of the proposed measures

Specie Action type Action Priority Operating criteria
Marble trout G Reduction of competition with the brown trout Maximum Collection by electrofishing
European bullhead G Reduction of competition with salmonids Medium Collection by electrofishing
Marble trout G Reduction of competition with allochthonous species (rainbow trout and Arctic char) Medium Collection by electrofishing
Marble trout G Protection of selected local material and repopulation of marble trout Maximum Production of genetically controlled material
Marble trout G Regulation of marble trout fishing. Maximum  
European bullhead G Repopulation High Collection of fish from nearby water bodies, introduction and monitoring
Grayling G Repopulation of the grayling High Collection of fish from nearby water bodies, marking, introduction and monitoring
Birds G Protection of nesting sites High Compensation for felling loss, costs for moving footpaths, ...
Ungulates G Training of Forestry Corps personnel and others with a convention with the Park (see Employment Plan) Maximum Refresher courses, presentation of the results of monitoring by external managers
Wild boar G Feasibility study and possible control of any groups of wild boar identified Maximum Control of groups present
Steinbock G Reintroduction Medium Def. of health situation; def. of operational plan in implementation of the release project. Monitoring of new colonies.
Bear, wolf G Development of the knowledge and awareness of personnel working in the area (wardens, etc) with regard to the ecology and distribution of the species Medium Targeted courses and participation in conferences and meetings on the theme
Bear, wolf G Information campaigns aimed at the local population and tourists. Medium Themed evenings, debates, leaflets, etc.
Bear, wolf G Congruence between conservation criteria and population management Medium Liaison with authorities and associations involved in conservation of the bear and the great predators
Bear, wolf (lynx) G Modification of livestock farming practices Medium Liaison with farmers' associations
Lynx G Information material High Leaflets, booklets, etc.
Lynx G Training and information courses Maximum Meetings with the local population and wardens
Lynx G Schools project Medium Meetings with schools
Lynx G Travelling exhibition Medium Photographs and posters on the biology of the lynx
Lynx G Gadgets Medium  
Marble trout, European bullhead, grayling M Annual monitoring High Direct sampling in predefined sites
Amphibians M Updating of the Park's Atlas of Amphibians Medium Updating of the Atlas
Reptiles M Updating of the Park's Atlas of Reptiles Medium Updating of the Atlas
Birds, rare species M Collection of notifications of rare species or occasional sightings in the Park Medium Delegated to Forestry Corps personnel and volunteers
Birds, nesting M Updating of the Atlas of Nesting Birds High  
Corn crake M Monitoring of the corn crake population High Partly delegated to Forestry Corps personnel
Capercaillie M Monitoring of the capercaillie population    
Black grouse M Monitoring of the black grouse population    
Ptarmigan M Monitoring of the ptarmigan population    
Rock partridge M Monitoring of the rock partridge population    
Hazel grouse M Monitoring of the hazel grouse population    
Ungulates M General monitoring Maximum Adaptation of the Forestry Corps data archiving system, planning of Forestry Corps surveys, data processing and link with the Park GIS
Roe deer M Assessment of indicators of abundance for roe deer in the Park's various environments High Spring censuses on sample routes and areas and/or kilometric indicators of abundance, to be used as trend indicators
Red deer M Monitoring of roars and indicators of abundance Maximum Integrated in part with general monitoring. In addition, spring spotlight censuses in collaboration with neighbouring provinces, visual censuses in sample areas and/or kilometric indicators of abundance, inventory of roar areas
Chamois M Monitoring of population trends of the chamois in the Park Maximum Continuation of censuses in the three sample areas already defined. Integration in general monitoring and coordination with the Province of Belluno and Trento for neighbouring areas
Mouflon M Monitoring of the evolution of numbers and distribution of mouflon in the Park Maximum Survey of summer grazing areas to estimate the size of the group. Integration in general monitoring and coordination with the province of Belluno for monitoring of distribution and population limiting factors
Wild boar M Monitoring of signs of the presence of wild boar Maximum Monitoring of signs of presence Staff training
Mustelids M Verification of the presence of mustelids in the Park area High Direct and indirect indicators of presence.
Fox M Geographical distribution and relative density of the fox Medium Standard transepts repeated over the years
Fox M Analysis of the state of health of the fox Medium  
Lynx M Basic monitoring High Basic monitoring at least during the winter months
Brown hare, mountain hare M Basic monitoring/censuses High Delegated to Forestry Corps personnel and/or volunteers coordinated by an expert
Chiroptera M Definition of the specific presence and location of bat colonies in the Park High  
Chamois M Monitoring of mange    
Animal husbandry M Monitoring of domestic ruminants    
All M Passive health monitoring    
All M Zoonosis monitoring    
Marble trout MA Renaturalisation of environments where the marble trout was originally present High Creation of fish corridors
Grayling MA Environmental improvement High Creation of fish corridors
European bullhead MA Minimal vital flow for the European bullhead Medium Minimum vital flow
European bullhead MA Improvement of water quality for the European bullhead Medium Improvement of water quality
Amphibians MA Restoration and safeguarding of ponds and troughs High Sealing and restoration of the main bodies of still water present in the Park
Birds MA Maintenance of grassland and farmland habitats Maximum Synergic action with vegetation, landscape and agricultural objectives
Birds MA Improvement of aquatic habitats along the Cordevole Medium Synergic action with fish and environmental objectives in general
Black grouse MA Restoration of habitats; management plan Maximum Definitive localisation of suitable habitats for the improvements; forestry management measures;
Rock partridge MA Restoration of high altitude habitats; management plan High Definitive localisation of habitats frequented by the species; cleaning, thinning of scrubland; management plan.
Capercaillie MA Restoration of mixed woodland habitats; thinning; management plan Maximum Definitive localisation of suitable habitats; forestry management measures;
Ptarmigan MA Management plan; studies with collection of meteorological data; predation and nomadism High Definitive localisation of habitats; identification of causes of impact; proposals for mitigation; integrated management of tourism and other human activities
Hazel grouse MA Restoration of forest habitats through thinning Medium Definitive localisation of the habitats frequented by the species; Restoration of currently deteriorating habitats with scrub clearance, thinning and cleaning of the woods.
Lynx MA Wildlife corridors Maximum Identification and improvement of wildlife corridors
Brown hare, mountain hare MA Maintenance of grassland habitats Maximum Synergic action with vegetation, landscape and agricultural objectives
Chiroptera MA Environmental improvement Medium  
Hypogean invertebrates R Research on the fauna inhabiting underground acquatic environments to identify endemic, rare or vulnerable species Maximum  
Troglobitic invetebrates R Completion of studies on the troglobitic fauna in the Park with particular regard to endemic and rare species Maximum  
Invertebrates, Coleoptera R Study of Coleoptera inhabiting rockfall debris High  
Invertebrates, Orthoptera R Survey of Orthopteroidea High  
Invertebrates, Molluscs R Research on molluscs High  
Marble trout R Study of marble trout populations in the Mis and Stua lakes High Population studies in the Mis and Stua lakes
V. ammodytes, A. horvathi R Monitoring of the species Medium Primary presence data. Project headed by a herpetologist
Golden eagle R Study on the golden eagle High  
Birds of prey R Survey of birds of prey High  
Owls R Study on the distribution and ecology of owls High  
Birds, migratory R Study of migratory phenomena through the mountain passes and the Val Cordevole Medium  
Birds, overwintering acquatic R Monitoring of overwintering aquatic birds Medium  
Birds, farmland habitats R Monitoring of birds in farmland habitats Medium  
Woodpeckers R Study of the distribution and ecology of the various species of woodpecker present in the Park High  
Red deer R Habitat selection and impact of red deer on forest biodiversity High Development of a monitoring system and launch of a study on red deer-forest interactions (preferred environments, damage to vegetation)
Chamois R Epidemiology of mange and population dynamics of the chamois Maximum Epidemiology of mange and population dynamics of the chamois
Mink R Verification of the status of the mink Maximum Direct and indirect indicators of presence.
Fox R Analysis of the trophic spectrum of the fox Medium Standardised collection
Lynx R Monitoring of the lynx in the Park and neighbouring areas Maximum Monitoring project
Brown hare, mountain hare R Evaluation of environmental parameters High  
Brown hare, mountain hare R Study of breeding success High  
Chiroptera R Study of the ecological preferences of bat species in the Park and determination of the status of the populations. Medium  

 

Legend
Type of action: M: Species management; S: Survey; EI: Environmental improvement
Invertebrates
Fish
Amphibians
Reptiles
Birds
Mammals

A total of 84 proposals have been drawn up, divided as follows: 15 environmental improvement, 27 basic monitoring, 20 active species management and 22 research projects. Many of these are already underway or in an advanced stage of planning.
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