Rural Buildings

Only buildings based on a consistent planning logic could be taken as samples, since they meet the need of a correct exploitation of space and resources.
The shapes, materials, and techniques used necessarily reflect the resources of the territory and its organization; the choices, never fortuitous, meet the needs imposed by the way of living and working, respecting the environmental features.
Usually gathered in small nuclei in order to waste as least cultivable land as possible, the most ancient houses almost always gather around a court (“cortivo”) with a more or less tapered shape, according to the presence or not of orographic terraces, and with the main façade always facing south.
In the building of the traditional house in the Bellunese valley, the structure is made of stones, sometimes visible and sometimes plastered. The roof is made of bent tiles, and locally of wood laths or calcareous slabs. After the introduction of Indian corn (1617), balconies and open galleries became more important, since there was the need to dry up the new cereal. Besides being a place where to dry above all cereals and legumes, the gallery also defends the front part of the ground floor and the house openings from bad weather. Of different types, according to their use, are temporary houses. They are buildings linked to the mowing activity, mountain pasture activities, and forest works.
They are built using local materials, i.e. wood and stones.