Table 6. Summary of the proposed measures

SpecieAction typeActionPriorityOperating criteria
Marble troutGReduction of competition with the brown troutMaximumCollection by electrofishing
European bullheadGReduction of competition with salmonidsMediumCollection by electrofishing
Marble troutGReduction of competition with allochthonous species (rainbow trout and Arctic char)MediumCollection by electrofishing
Marble troutGProtection of selected local material and repopulation of marble troutMaximumProduction of genetically controlled material
Marble troutGRegulation of marble trout fishing.Maximum 
European bullheadGRepopulationHighCollection of fish from nearby water bodies, introduction and monitoring
GraylingGRepopulation of the graylingHighCollection of fish from nearby water bodies, marking, introduction and monitoring
BirdsGProtection of nesting sitesHighCompensation for felling loss, costs for moving footpaths, …
UngulatesGTraining of Forestry Corps personnel and others with a convention with the Park (see Employment Plan)MaximumRefresher courses, presentation of the results of monitoring by external managers
Wild boarGFeasibility study and possible control of any groups of wild boar identifiedMaximumControl of groups present
SteinbockGReintroductionMediumDef. of health situation; def. of operational plan in implementation of the release project. Monitoring of new colonies.
Bear, wolfGDevelopment of the knowledge and awareness of personnel working in the area (wardens, etc) with regard to the ecology and distribution of the speciesMediumTargeted courses and participation in conferences and meetings on the theme
Bear, wolfGInformation campaigns aimed at the local population and tourists.MediumThemed evenings, debates, leaflets, etc.
Bear, wolfGCongruence between conservation criteria and population managementMediumLiaison with authorities and associations involved in conservation of the bear and the great predators
Bear, wolf (lynx)GModification of livestock farming practicesMediumLiaison with farmers’ associations
LynxGInformation materialHighLeaflets, booklets, etc.
LynxGTraining and information coursesMaximumMeetings with the local population and wardens
LynxGSchools projectMediumMeetings with schools
LynxGTravelling exhibitionMediumPhotographs and posters on the biology of the lynx
Marble trout, European bullhead, graylingMAnnual monitoringHighDirect sampling in predefined sites
AmphibiansMUpdating of the Park’s Atlas of AmphibiansMediumUpdating of the Atlas
ReptilesMUpdating of the Park’s Atlas of ReptilesMediumUpdating of the Atlas
Birds, rare speciesMCollection of notifications of rare species or occasional sightings in the ParkMediumDelegated to Forestry Corps personnel and volunteers
Birds, nestingMUpdating of the Atlas of Nesting BirdsHigh 
Corn crakeMMonitoring of the corn crake populationHighPartly delegated to Forestry Corps personnel
CapercaillieMMonitoring of the capercaillie population  
Black grouseMMonitoring of the black grouse population  
PtarmiganMMonitoring of the ptarmigan population  
Rock partridgeMMonitoring of the rock partridge population  
Hazel grouseMMonitoring of the hazel grouse population  
UngulatesMGeneral monitoringMaximumAdaptation of the Forestry Corps data archiving system, planning of Forestry Corps surveys, data processing and link with the Park GIS
Roe deerMAssessment of indicators of abundance for roe deer in the Park’s various environmentsHighSpring censuses on sample routes and areas and/or kilometric indicators of abundance, to be used as trend indicators
Red deerMMonitoring of roars and indicators of abundanceMaximumIntegrated in part with general monitoring. In addition, spring spotlight censuses in collaboration with neighbouring provinces, visual censuses in sample areas and/or kilometric indicators of abundance, inventory of roar areas
ChamoisMMonitoring of population trends of the chamois in the ParkMaximumContinuation of censuses in the three sample areas already defined. Integration in general monitoring and coordination with the Province of Belluno and Trento for neighbouring areas
MouflonMMonitoring of the evolution of numbers and distribution of mouflon in the ParkMaximumSurvey of summer grazing areas to estimate the size of the group. Integration in general monitoring and coordination with the province of Belluno for monitoring of distribution and population limiting factors
Wild boarMMonitoring of signs of the presence of wild boarMaximumMonitoring of signs of presence Staff training
MustelidsMVerification of the presence of mustelids in the Park areaHighDirect and indirect indicators of presence.
FoxMGeographical distribution and relative density of the foxMediumStandard transepts repeated over the years
FoxMAnalysis of the state of health of the foxMedium 
LynxMBasic monitoringHighBasic monitoring at least during the winter months
Brown hare, mountain hareMBasic monitoring/censusesHighDelegated to Forestry Corps personnel and/or volunteers coordinated by an expert
ChiropteraMDefinition of the specific presence and location of bat colonies in the ParkHigh 
ChamoisMMonitoring of mange  
Animal husbandryMMonitoring of domestic ruminants  
AllMPassive health monitoring  
AllMZoonosis monitoring  
Marble troutMARenaturalisation of environments where the marble trout was originally presentHighCreation of fish corridors
GraylingMAEnvironmental improvementHighCreation of fish corridors
European bullheadMAMinimal vital flow for the European bullheadMediumMinimum vital flow
European bullheadMAImprovement of water quality for the European bullheadMediumImprovement of water quality
AmphibiansMARestoration and safeguarding of ponds and troughsHighSealing and restoration of the main bodies of still water present in the Park
BirdsMAMaintenance of grassland and farmland habitatsMaximumSynergic action with vegetation, landscape and agricultural objectives
BirdsMAImprovement of aquatic habitats along the CordevoleMediumSynergic action with fish and environmental objectives in general
Black grouseMARestoration of habitats; management planMaximumDefinitive localisation of suitable habitats for the improvements; forestry management measures;
Rock partridgeMARestoration of high altitude habitats; management planHighDefinitive localisation of habitats frequented by the species; cleaning, thinning of scrubland; management plan.
CapercaillieMARestoration of mixed woodland habitats; thinning; management planMaximumDefinitive localisation of suitable habitats; forestry management measures;
PtarmiganMAManagement plan; studies with collection of meteorological data; predation and nomadismHighDefinitive localisation of habitats; identification of causes of impact; proposals for mitigation; integrated management of tourism and other human activities
Hazel grouseMARestoration of forest habitats through thinningMediumDefinitive localisation of the habitats frequented by the species; Restoration of currently deteriorating habitats with scrub clearance, thinning and cleaning of the woods.
LynxMAWildlife corridorsMaximumIdentification and improvement of wildlife corridors
Brown hare, mountain hareMAMaintenance of grassland habitatsMaximumSynergic action with vegetation, landscape and agricultural objectives
ChiropteraMAEnvironmental improvementMedium 
Hypogean invertebratesRResearch on the fauna inhabiting underground acquatic environments to identify endemic, rare or vulnerable speciesMaximum 
Troglobitic invetebratesRCompletion of studies on the troglobitic fauna in the Park with particular regard to endemic and rare speciesMaximum 
Invertebrates, ColeopteraRStudy of Coleoptera inhabiting rockfall debrisHigh 
Invertebrates, OrthopteraRSurvey of OrthopteroideaHigh 
Invertebrates, MolluscsRResearch on molluscsHigh 
Marble troutRStudy of marble trout populations in the Mis and Stua lakesHighPopulation studies in the Mis and Stua lakes
V. ammodytes, A. horvathiRMonitoring of the speciesMediumPrimary presence data. Project headed by a herpetologist
Golden eagleRStudy on the golden eagleHigh 
Birds of preyRSurvey of birds of preyHigh 
OwlsRStudy on the distribution and ecology of owlsHigh 
Birds, migratoryRStudy of migratory phenomena through the mountain passes and the Val CordevoleMedium 
Birds, overwintering acquaticRMonitoring of overwintering aquatic birdsMedium 
Birds, farmland habitatsRMonitoring of birds in farmland habitatsMedium 
WoodpeckersRStudy of the distribution and ecology of the various species of woodpecker present in the ParkHigh 
Red deerRHabitat selection and impact of red deer on forest biodiversityHighDevelopment of a monitoring system and launch of a study on red deer-forest interactions (preferred environments, damage to vegetation)
ChamoisREpidemiology of mange and population dynamics of the chamoisMaximumEpidemiology of mange and population dynamics of the chamois
MinkRVerification of the status of the minkMaximumDirect and indirect indicators of presence.
FoxRAnalysis of the trophic spectrum of the foxMediumStandardised collection
LynxRMonitoring of the lynx in the Park and neighbouring areasMaximumMonitoring project
Brown hare, mountain hareREvaluation of environmental parametersHigh 
Brown hare, mountain hareRStudy of breeding successHigh 
ChiropteraRStudy of the ecological preferences of bat species in the Park and determination of the status of the populations.
Type of action: M: Species management; S: Survey; EI: Environmental improvement

A total of 84 proposals have been drawn up, divided as follows: 15 environmental improvement, 27 basic monitoring, 20 active species management and 22 research projects. Many of these are already underway or in an advanced stage of planning.